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五四余波:抗战中曹汝霖拒投敌 学生领袖成大汉奸

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This article is taken:《人民政协报》, Author: Liu Yang Tung.

Core Tip: After the outbreak of the Anti-Japanese War, Cao Yulin publicly stated that he would "return the loss of the former reputation in the evening festival" and not serve in the Japanese Puppet Regime. It is said that when the Japanese army organized the pseudo-regime in North China, Cao Yulin was once regarded as an ideal candidate, but Cao was always unmoved. Later, Wang Kemin once gave him the false title of "the highest adviser". When Wang Xitang became the "chairman" of the pseudo-Huabei political committee, he also gave Cao an empty title of "consulting committee", but Cao Yulin never looked at it. And did not participate in the traitor traitorous activities. The anti-counterfeiting organization also planned to let Cao Yulin take up the post of the grain bureau. He learned some lessons from the previous ones. He once said that: "The Japanese eat food without restrictions, and the Chinese are monotonous. How do I manage it? Isn't that looking for it?"

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May Fourth Movement

It is worth mentioning that Cao Yulin, who is known as the "pro-Japanese faction", did not become a traitor in front of Da Yi, but the northern university student of that year rushed in front of the fire in the Zhaojialou incident and put the first fire plum. Si Ping, during the Anti-Japanese War, fell into a big traitor, and served as the minister of the Wang Puppet Regime, the Minister of the Interior, and the Governor of Zhejiang Province. On December 15, 1939, Mei's 13-year-old daughter Mei Aiwen published an article《浙瓯日报》in《我不愿做汉奸的女儿,我要打倒我的爸爸》.

Before the May Fourth Movement, Cao Yulin had several positions in the transportation chief, the chief financial officer, and the prime minister of the Bank of Communications. He was a politician of the Beiyang government.

xxAt the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, because some of the powers signed a secret agreement with Japan in advance, the Allies had openly transferred the rights of the defeated Germany to Shandong, which aroused the strong dissatisfaction of the Chinese people, which led to the epoch-making May Fourth Movement. At that time, Cao Yulin, the chief of the transportation, was responsible for giving some of his rights to Japan, and he was also known as the "three big traitors" with Lu Zongxi, the president of the currency board, and Zhang Zongxiang, the minister of the Japanese government. A famous slogan in the May Fourth Movement is "external competition for state power, internal punishment of state thieves." On the day of the "May 4th", the students marched to Cao House in Zhaojialou, and Cao Yulin hid. The student mistakenly regarded Zhang Zongxiang at Cao Zhai as Cao Yulin, beat Zhang’s meal, and set fire to Cao’s house. This was the incident of burning Zhaojialou. Later, some students were arrested and the incident evolved into a large-scale strike, strike and strike. On June 10, Cao, Lu and Zhang were dismissed.

After the "May 4th", Cao Yulin first hid in the hospital for a few days, then moved to the Beihai Mission City (at that time, the Beijing-Guangzhou Railway Bureau). Cao stayed here without leaving home, and spent every day writing and writing time. He also changed his name to "Jue Factory", which means a little closed-door thinking.

During the May Fourth Movement, Cao Yulin was only 42 years old. Since then, he has not held any important positions. It seems that there is no attempt to make a comeback, but he is keen on charity activities. Every winter, Cao’s family gave 100 sets of cotton clothes to the driver of the cart. The way of giving alms is also quite special. Every time I take a few sets of cotton coats out of the house, I see the uncles on the street, I hired his car, pulled it to the secluded small alley, called the car to stop, and gave alms. Give the driver a set, then go find the next object. It is said that this method can avoid the cotton jacket being taken over by people. Cao also often gives people alms.

xx20世纪20年代,由曹玉林发起的20多人投资建在玉城门白台沟的医院,命名为中心医院。医院建成后,购买所需的医疗设备,还有20多万元,还有由曹玉林管理的新恒银行。中心医院是慈善机构。它用20万元来支付医院的费用。穷人会去看医生,不会得到医疗费用。后来,新恒银行倒闭了,医院剩下的几万元人民币被改为中国银行。中国银行关闭业务后,更名为中南银行。曹玉林曾担任中央医院院长和名誉院长。他是由他资助的。冬季煤炭也由幸福正丰煤矿公司供应。但是,曹玉林没有从医院拿薪水。只有当他去医院时,医院才给他的汽车装满了汽油。这是他从医院收到的所有赔偿金。

曹玉林主持中心医院十余年。日军入侵华北后,他们想占领这家医院。曹去日军进行谈判。“这家医院最初是私人经营和慈善事业。”日军停了下来。在日本军队接管康科德等医院后,钟惠珍,周华康等一些着名医生不愿向侵略者出卖自己的生命,他们到了中心医院。该医院的妇产科也是在这个时候创建的,由林巧芝博士主持。抗日战争胜利后,曹玉林辞去院长职务,要求钟惠珍继任。他对时钟:说“我是一个外行并且维持了十多年。虽然没有结果,但我很幸运但不大。日本人在这里,我受不了。这个名字应该到期现在日本人已经离开了,你的一些专家也有更多的责任。“新中国成立后,中央医院被人民政府接管,并改名为人民医院。

After the outbreak of the Anti-Japanese War, Cao Yulin publicly stated that he would not "return the former reputation of the late festival" and not serve in the Japanese Puppet Regime. It is said that when the Japanese army organized the pseudo-regime in North China, Cao Yulin was once regarded as an ideal candidate, but Cao was always unmoved. Later, Wang Kemin once gave him the false title of "the highest adviser". When Wang Xitang became the "chairman" of the pseudo-Huabei political committee, he also gave Cao an empty title of "consulting committee", but Cao Yulin never looked at it. And did not participate in the traitor traitorous activities. The anti-counterfeiting organization also planned to let Cao Yulin take up the post of the grain bureau. He learned some lessons from the previous ones. He once said that: "The Japanese eat food without restrictions, and the Chinese are monotonous. How do I manage it? Isn't that looking for it?" At that time, the people of Peiping had more mixed food and noodles. Once, Cao took the wok head with steamed noodles and noodles to the North China Administrative Committee, and said to Wang Kemin: "How can the food be swallowed by the people?" Wang Kemin listened He took a bite and said: "How can this not be eaten!" The Japanese special agent, Xi Duocheng, was dissatisfied with Cao’s uncooperative cooperation. He once accused Cao: "Why are we 'the emperor' coming, you don't help, What are you going to do?"

xx值得一提的是,被称为“亲日派”的曹玉林并没有成为大易面前的叛徒,但当年的北方大学生在赵家楼事件中赶到了火灾面前。放第一个火梅。在抗日战争期间,四平陷入了一个大叛徒,并担任王傀儡政权部长,内政部长和浙江省省长。 1939年12月15日,梅的13岁女儿梅爱文在《浙瓯日报》发表了一篇文章《我不愿做汉奸的女儿,我要打倒我的爸爸》。我写了:“我的年龄很小,我是在激烈的战斗中对祖国最热情的爱。对于我的父亲是叛徒,我仇恨仇恨。今天我公开宣布与梅四平的关系。父亲和女儿,我想公开宣布我父亲梅士比平的叛徒,我想要摧毁我父亲。“虽然这篇文章只有800字,但却引起了很大的社会反响。随后,梅四平的继母梅王的率,在报纸上与他的两个同父异母的兄弟一同发表了他的启示,并与梅分开了他的所有关系,说他“把一个小偷附在国里,伤害了国家”。抗日战争胜利后,梅四平被处决。

曹玉林晚年回忆起五四运动时说道:“这件事已有四十多年了。回想起来,这对其他人有好处。虽然目前还不清楚,但我们三个人都被牺牲了,但却让人想起大多数人的爱国主义终于付出了代价。“

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